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How to Start a Fire for Survival Knowing how to make a fire is one of the most basic outdoor skills. A fire can do many things. It keeps you dry, warm and comfortable. You will be able to cook food and sterilize bandages and water with it. It can drive away dangerous animals away and even flying insects with the smoke. Of course, it a good way to signal for help. Choosing Your Fireplace Before building a fire, choose your fireplace. You need to choose well as location matters a lot. First look for a place that is sheltered and protected against the wind and has ample supply of wood and fuel. Also make it a point that nothing nearby, such as dry vegetation, can catch fire. As you may know, safety is always the priority. Prior to starting the fire, whether on a flat shale rock, a layer of stones or on solid ground, the area must be cleared of any debris. This keeps the possibility of a ground fire at bay and will make sure no traces of the fire are left, except soot stones. Choosing Your Material
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To begin a fire, you need to do slowly – that is, with small pieces of wood at the start and then moving on to bigger pieces as the fire develops.
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Tinder What you need is some kind of material that easily starts a fire, like good tinder, which is ignited by a mere spark. Of course, the tinder should be totally dry. There are many things you can use for tinder such as grass, leaves, resin, bark and paper. Spruce and pine trees are sources of resin. What’s nice about resin is its ability to burn whether wet or dry. You can use your knife to dry sticks and pieces of bark and make them into powdery tinder. Remember, tinder is the most important part of your fire so be sure to prepare it right. If you have some resin, cover small twigs and sticks with it. Have enough tinder available to keep your fire going. Gather tinder before you need it, and keep some in your pocket or backpack so it’s always ready when you have to use it. Kindling Highly combustible, kindling is a good addition to burning timber. Small dry twigs and sticks are the best to use. They can easily light the moment you add them to a small flame. Fuel As soon as your fire is established, you can throw in bigger pieces of firewood but not until you have made sure they are fully dry. Dead trees are particularly good sources of dry firewood. Final Pointers As we have said earlier, safety must be your main priority when starting a fire. That means you should never leave camp without putting the fire out completely. And definitely, it’s wise to check twice or sometimes thrice.


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