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Some Basic Information about Septic Tanks Any home or business need the septic system to function well for our comfort but we seldom do not really have a clue on how this system operates. Septic tanks are categorized as low in maintenance system and yet once something will go wrong of it, we will face a tricky and expensive situation. So if we want to avoid serious problems about our septic tanks, it is good to know some basic knowledge about its system. To start with, let us have an idea on what is a septic system. A septic system is a sewage treatment system that is small in scale and this is used in places that are not connected to any government or private firm sewage operation. These septic systems are generally used in rural areas where homes and farms cannot connect to far away sewage mains because of the big costs involved to do so. The septic system works by pumping waste water from different facilities like bathrooms, kitchens and laundry, into the effluent tanks, process the waste, and disperse it onto a septic drain field. A septic tank then is that necessary part of the septic system that holds 4000 to 7500 litres of wastewater. The septic tank is usually buried under the ground and it has a connection to an inlet pipe on one end where sewage will flow in, and a septic drain on the other end where filtered wastewater will flow out. The latest design of septic tanks feature two chambers separated from each other by a dividing wall with openings located in the middle between the bottom and top of the tank.
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The first chamber of the effluent tank receives the wastewater that enters it, then the solids settle to the bottom of the tank while the scum floats to the top. The solids at the bottom usually will just decompose and float into the water. The solids and scums stay in the first chamber while the liquid travels from the first chamber to the second chamber passing through the openings in the dividing wall. It is usually in the second chamber where settlement occurs and the liquid is now almost clear, then drains to the septic drain field or leach field.
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What makes up a septic drain field are trenches that contain perforated pipes and some porous material like gravel. In order to avoid animals from contacting these wastewater, the field is covered with layers of soil. Through the perforated pipes, the wastewater on the other hand are dispersed and runs through the gravel, removing the contaminants and impurities. Generally, a septic system is powered via gravity condition, however, if topography is not conducive to this system, you can introduce a pump to the system.

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